Visualizzazione post con etichetta 16th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Animal Studies | Austrian National Library


Gli studi di Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1527-1593)🎨 su figure di animali, uccelli e piante datati 1553, sono stati recentemente scoperti negli album delle biblioteche ed i musei di Vienna, Dresda e Bologna.
Ulteriori studi sono datati 1562, anno del suo arrivo a Vienna.
Come dimostrano questi primi disegni, la sua attività come un illustratore di esemplari naturali era un prerequisito essenziale per la creazione delle sue teste composite delle "Quattro Stagioni"🎨 ed i "Quattro elementi🎨".

Giuseppe Arcimboldo🎨 è stato un pittore Italiano del periodo Manierista🎨, noto soprattutto per le "Teste Composte", ritratti burleschi eseguiti combinando tra loro, in una sorta di trompe-l'œil, oggetti od elementi dello stesso genere (prodotti ortofrutticoli, pesci, uccelli, libri, ecc.) collegati metaforicamente al soggetto rappresentato, in modo da sublimare il ritratto stesso.

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Paris Bordone (Italian, 1500-1571)


Pàris Paschalinus Bordón, od anche Pàris Bordone (Treviso, 5 luglio 1500 – Venezia, 19 gennaio 1571), è stato un pittore Italiano della Repubblica di Venezia del Rinascimento, che lavorò anche insieme a Tiziano, pur caratterizzandosi per una impostazione più marcatamente manierista ed un vigore che lasciava trasparire la sua formazione provinciale.
Paris Bordon nacque a Treviso, ma si trasferì a Venezia già nella tarda adolescenza. Nel capoluogo veneto studiò brevemente e in modo alquanto infelice (secondo il Vasari) con Tiziano. Vasari potrebbe aver incontrato Bordon da vecchio.

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Parmigianino (1503-1540) | La Vita e le Opere


Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, detto il Parmigianino, è stato un pittore Italiano, fondamentale esponente della corrente manierista e della pittura emiliana in generale. Il soprannome, oltre che dalle origini, gli derivò dalla corporatura minuta e l'aspetto gentile.
Figura tra le più originali del manierismo italiano nella sua versione settentrionale, l'artista esercitò una profonda influenza anche sull'arte francese del cinquecento. Influenzato nelle primissime opere dal Correggio, il Parmigianino cominciò a staccarsi dallo stile del maestro fin dalla sua prima commissione importante, gli affreschi in alcune cappelle di S. Giovanni Evangelista a Parma (1521-24), con la contrapposizione marcata di forme e colori.

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Gaudenzio Ferrari (Italian painter, 1471-1546)

Gaudenzio Ferrari was born to Franchino Ferrari at Valduggia in the Valsesia in the Duchy of Milan. Valduggia is now in the Province of Vercelli in Piedmont. He is said to have first learned the art of painting at Vercelli from Gerolamo Giovenone.
He subsequently studied in Milan, in the school of the Cathedral artisan Giovanni Stefano Scotti, and perhaps alongside Bernardino Luini. Circa 1504 he proceeded to Florence. It was once thought that he later moved to Rome. He died in Milan.


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Perugino | The Delivery of the Keys, 1481-1482

The wall paintings of the Sistine Chapel are among the most important examples of the type of painting developed in Florence in the later fifteenth century.
The five artists brought to Rome to execute them came from various different art centres: Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Rosselli from Florence, Perugino from Umbria, Signorelli from Cortona.
Perugino's contribution was the largest, with the altar wall paintings and three additional pictures.
Recent scholars have concluded that it was he who was in charge of the whole project and who produced the overall design.
It is true that in "the Christ Handing the Keys to St Peter" his portraits appears next to those of the architect and builder.


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16th century | Inventions, discoveries and Arts


The 16th century one of the most tumultuous periods in Western culture - primarily due to the Protestant Reformation.
Was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, extraordinary literature, the High Renaissance and Mannerism.
This period also sees the beginnings of the scientific revolution and the colonization of the new world.
During the 16th century, advancements were also made in the theories of mathematics, cosmography, geography, and natural history.
In this century inventions related to the fields of engineering, mining, navigation, and the military arts were prominent.

1500 ▻ First portable watch is created by Peter Henlein of Germany.
1500 ▻ The first flush toilets appeared.
1501 ▻ Michelangelo returns to his native Florence to begin work on the statue David.

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Raphael (1483-1520) | Drawings

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino was one of the finest draftsmen in the history of Western art, and used drawings extensively to plan his compositions.
According to a near-contemporary, when beginning to plan a composition, he would lay out a large number of stock drawings of his on the floor, and begin to draw "rapidly", borrowing figures from here and there.
Over forty sketches survive for the Disputa in the Stanze, and there may well have been many more originally; over four hundred sheets survive altogether.
He used different drawings to refine his poses and compositions, apparently to a greater extent than most other painters, to judge by the number of variants that survive: "...This is how Raphael himself, who was so rich in inventiveness, used to work, always coming up with four or six ways to show a narrative, each one different from the rest, and all of them full of grace and well done" wrote another writer after his death.


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El Greco (1541-1614) | 156 artworks | Page 4


Born in 1541 in either the village of Fodele or Candia (the Venetian name of Chandax, present day Heraklion) in Crete, El Greco was descended from a prosperous urban family, which had probably been driven out of Chania to Candia after an uprising against the Venetians between 1526-1528.

For more biographical notes -in english and italian- and other works by El Greco see: