Visualizzazione post con etichetta 17th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 17th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Gerard ter Borch (Dutch genre painter, 1617-1681)

Gerard ter Borch, also known as Gerard Terburg, was an influential and pioneering Dutch genre painter who lived in the Dutch Golden Age.
He influenced fellow Dutch painters Gabriel Metsu, Gerrit Dou, Eglon van der Neer and Johannes Vermeer.
According to Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., Ter Borch "established a new framework for subject matter, taking people into the sanctum of the home", showing the figures' uncertainties and expertly hinting at their inner lives.
His influence as a painter, however, was later surpassed by Vermeer.

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Rembrandt (1606-1669) | Art in detail

Rembrandt's contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age, when Dutch art (especially Dutch painting), although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative and gave rise to important new genres.
Like many artists of the Dutch Golden Age, such as Jan Vermeer of Delft, Rembrandt was also an avid art collector and dealer.
When he was just 18 he bought a studio and shared it with a colleague after training under two influential artists of the time, Jacob Van Swanenburgh and Pieter Lastman.

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Genre painting

Vincent van Gogh | The reaper after Millet, 1889

Genre painting (or petit genre), a form of genre art, depicts aspects of everyday life by portraying ordinary people engaged in common activities.
One common definition of a genre scene is that it shows figures to whom no identity can be attached either individually or collectively - thus distinguishing petit genre from history paintings (also called grand genre) and portraits.
A work would often be considered as a genre work even if it could be shown that the artist had used a known person - a member of his family, say - as a model.
In this case it would depend on whether the work was likely to have been intended by the artist to be perceived as a portrait - sometimes a subjective question.
The depictions can be realistic, imagined, or romanticized by the artist. Because of their familiar and frequently sentimental subject matter, genre paintings have often proven popular with the bourgeoisie, or middle class.

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El Greco (1541-1614) | 156 artworks | Page 4

Born in 1541 in either the village of Fodele or Candia (the Venetian name of Chandax, present day Heraklion) in Crete, El Greco was descended from a prosperous urban family, which had probably been driven out of Chania to Candia after an uprising against the Venetians between 1526-1528.

For more biographical notes -in english and italian- and other works by El Greco see:
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17th century Inventions

1670 ‣ Dom Pérignon invents Champagne

The 17th century🎨 was the century that lasted from January 1, 1601, to December 31, 1700.
It falls into the Early Modern period of Europe and in that continent (whose impact on the world was increasing) was characterized by the Baroque🎨 cultural movement, the latter part of the Spanish Golden Age, the Dutch Golden Age, the French Grand Siècle dominated by Louis XIV, the Scientific Revolution, the world's first public company and megacorporation known as the Dutch East India Company, and according to some historians, the General Crisis.

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Jean-Honoré Fragonard | A Young Scholar, 1778

Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) was a French painter🎨 and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance and hedonism.
One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings (not counting drawings and etchings), of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre paintings.

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Johannes Vermeer | Officer and Laughing Girl, 1657

Officer and Laughing Girl, also known as "Officer and a Laughing Girl", "Officer With a Laughing Girl" or "De Soldaat en het Lachende Meisje", was painted by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer🎨 between 1655 and 1660. It was painted in oil on canvas, typical of most Dutch artists of the time, and is 50.5 by 46 cm. It now resides in The Frick Collection in New York.
Officer and Laughing Girl includes many of the characteristics of Vermeer's style. The main subject is a woman in a yellow dress, light is coming from the left hand side of the painting from an open window, and there is a large map on the wall.
Each of these elements occur in some of his other paintings, although this painting differs slightly with the man also sitting at the table. Art historians, who have suggested conflicting interpretations of the work, believe that a painting by Gerard van Honthorst inspired the composition, and that Vermeer used a camera obscura to create the perspective in this painting.

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Johannes Vermeer | 179 artworks | Page 4

Arshile Gorky about Johannes Vermeer in: 'A visit to the Metropolitan Museum with Gorky'

"Delacroix spoke of the Greek coin being built from the center out. Vermeer has painted in this way, according to the principles of mass..
How beautifully they are drawn – Vermeer does not just make a leaf and place it in the design, he relates space and leaf. [on the painting of Vermeer ‘Allegory on the New Testament].
That drapery - it is abstract - observe how this shape [a space between a shepherd and the tree] curves around the center space while the tree counter-curves opposite it, cutting an egg shape.. ..the spaces on the carpet that carry no figuration are, in fact, shapes of vital importance in building the whole…"