Visualizzazione post con etichetta 18th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 18th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Jean-Honoré Fragonard | A Young Scholar, 1778 ✿



Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) was a French painter🎨 and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance and hedonism.
One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings (not counting drawings and etchings), of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre paintings.


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18th century Inventions


Piano by Bartolomeo Cristofori, 1726

The inventions of the 18th century made the modern world that we live in possible.
The 18th century was a time of innovation. The industrial revolution would not be possible if it were not for the men who created the inventions to make life easier and more productive.
Some inventions were improvements on older machinery.

1700s

1701 ‣ Jethro Tull invents the seed drill.
1709 ‣ Bartolomeo Cristofori crafts the first piano.
1709 ‣ Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the alcohol thermometer.


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Cesare Pavese | Agony / Agonia, 1933


Frantz Charlet (Belgian Impressionist painter, 1862-1928) | A promenade in Vonaco

I’ll wander the streets till I’m dead tired,
I’ll learn to live alone and look each passing face
straight in the eye and still be what I am.
This coolness ascending in me, searching through my veins,
is an awakening each morning that I’ve never felt
so real -except that I feel stronger
than my body, and a colder shiver comes each morning now.

The mornings I had at twenty are now far: away.
And tomorrow, twenty-one: tomorrow I’ll go out in tile
streets -
I remember every stone, and the layers of the sky.


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Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714-1789)



Claude-Joseph Vernet was the leading French🎨 landscape painter (with Hubert Robert🎨) of the later 18th century🎨.
He achieved great celebrity with his topographical paintings and serene landscapes.
He was also one of the century's most accomplished painters of tempests and moonlight scenes.
Vernet was born at Avignon and trained there with his father, Antoine, and with the history painter Philippe Sauvan.


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Sir Thomas Lawrence | Julia, Lady Peel, 1827 | Frick Collection



Julia Floyd (1795-1859) was married in 1820 to the British statesman Sir Robert Peel, who twice served as Prime Minister and was an avid patron of Lawrence.
The Frick portrait apparently was inspired by Rubens’ painting of Susanna Fourment🎨 known as the "Chapeau de paille", which Peel had acquired in 1823.


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Abraham Pether (1756-1812)



Abraham Pether was an English🎨 landscape painter, recognised for his skill in depicting moonlit scenes.
He was also a talented musician, inventor, mathematician and philosopher.
He painted river and mountain scenery, with classical buildings, in a pleasing though artificial style, somewhat resembling that of Richard Wilson; but his reputation rests on his moonlight subjects, which attracted much admiration, and earned for him the sobriquet of "Moonlight" Pether.


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William Turner | Mount Vesuvius in Eruption, 1817



Joseph Mallord William Turner’s dramatic representation of Mount Vesuvius is one of numerous artistic iterations of erupting volcanoes from the late eighteenth to the early nineteenth century.
Turner visited Naples and ascended Vesuvius in 1819; however, he never witnessed an eruption firsthand and this composition likely preceded his Italian sojourn.


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Wilhelm Tischbein | Goethe in the Roman Campagna, 1787



Title: Goethe🎨 in the Roman Campagna;
Author: Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein (German🎨 Neoclassical painter, 1751-1829);
Date: 1787;
Dimensions: 164.0 x 206.0 cm;
Medium: Oil on canvas;
Current location: Städel Museum, Frankfurt;
Acquisition: Acquired in 1887 as a gift by Baroness Adèle von Rothschild;
Status: On display, 1st upper level, Modern Art.

"This will make a beautiful painting. Alas, it will be too big for our Nordic housings", Goethe remarked on this life-size portrait in 1786 in Rome.


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Gaetano Gandolfi (1734-1802) | Drawings



Gaetano Gandolfi🎨 was a painter, draughtsman, sculptor and etcher of the late Baroque and early Neoclassic period, active in Bologna, part of an Italian family of artists.
As a student at the Accademia Clementina he won two medals🎨 for sculpture and four medals for his drawings.
Throughout his life he remained actively involved in the affairs of the Accademia Clementina, where he taught a class in life drawing. He was a gifted draughtsman, and his drawings were highly prized by contemporary collectors.


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J.H.W. Tischbein | Diogenes looking for an Honest Man, 1780



"Diogenes Looking for an Honest Man" is a painting attributed to German painter Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein (1751-1829).
It depicts Diogenes of Sinope with a lantern searching for an honest man.
Diogenes of Sinope used to stroll about in full daylight with a lamp; when asked what he was doing, he would answer, "I am just looking for an honest man".


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Luca Carlevarijs (1663-1730) | Baroque Era / Veduta painter



Luca Carlevarijs or Carlevaris was an Italian painter and engraver working mainly in Venice.
He pioneered the genre of the cityscapes (vedute) of Venice, a genre that was later widely followed by artists such as Canaletto🎨 and Francesco Guardi🎨.
Carlevarijs was born in Udine. He was also known as 'Luca Casanobrio' or 'Luca di ca Zenobrio', for his patronage by the latter family.
He worked principally in Venice, where he also died. His daughter, Marianna Carlevarijs (1703-1750) learned the art of pastel portraiture from Rosalba Carriera🎨.


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Jean Raoux (1677-1734) | Rococo Era painter



Jean Raoux, French painter🎨, was born at Montpellier.
After the usual course of training he became a member of the Academy in 1717 as an historical painter.
His reputation had been previously established by the acclaimed decorations executed during his three years in Italy on the palace of Giustiniani Solini in Venice, and by some easel paintings, the Four Ages of Man (National Gallery), commissioned by the grand prior of Vendôme.


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Canaletto | The Molo Seen from the San Marco Basin, 1730


Canaletto | The Molo Seen from the San Marco Basin, 1730 | Louvre Museum, Paris

Canaletto (1697-1768)🎨 painted some ten versions of this subject, the most similar to this one being in the Uffizi in Florence.
The prototype for the series can be dated to around 1730.
Beginning in the 15th century, and especially in the 18th century, Venetian painters delighted in depicting parts of their city in exact detail.
The Rome-trained painter Luca Carlevaris (1663-1730) adopted the tradition in Venice and handed it on to his apprentice Antonio Canal, who combined it with experience gained from his father, a theatre set designer.


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Allegory of Poetry


Auger Lucas (French Rococo Era painter, 1685-1765) | An Allegory of Poetry

As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Allegory (in the sense of the practice and use of allegorical devices and works) has occurred widely throughout history in all forms of art, largely because it can readily illustrate or convey complex ideas and concepts in ways that are comprehensible or striking to its viewers, readers, or listeners.
Writers or speakers typically use allegories as literary devices or as rhetorical devices that convey (semi-)hidden or complex meanings through symbolic figures, actions, imagery, or events, which together create the moral, spiritual, or political meaning the author wishes to convey.
Many allegories use personifications of abstract concepts.


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Allegory of Music


Francesco Trevisani (Italian Rococo Era painter, 1656-1746) | An allegory of music

The word Music derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses").
In Greek mythology, the nine Muses were the goddesses who inspired literature, science, and the arts and who were the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, song-lyrics, and myths in the Greek culture.


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Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun | Self-Portrait in a Straw Hat, 1782



Artist: Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun (French🎨 Neoclassical painter, 1755-1842)
Full title: Self Portrait in a Straw Hat
Date made: 1782
Medium and support: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 97.8 x 70.5 cm
Current location: National Gallery, London
Acquisition credit: Bought, 1897
Inventory number: NG1653
Location in Gallery: Room 33

"Self-Portrait in a Straw Hat" is a signed copy by the artist of a very popular self portrait that she painted in 1782 and which is now in the collection of the baronne Edmond de Rothschild.
The pose is deliberately modelled on Rubens’s Portrait of Susanna Lunden🎨 (?) (also in the National Gallery’s collection), which was formerly, but incorrectly, known as Le Chapeau de Paille (The Straw Hat).


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Allegory of painting


Artemisia Gentileschi🎨 (Italian Baroque Era painter, 1593-1652) | Self Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, 1638 (detail) | Royal Collection

First attested in English in 1382, the word allegory comes from Latin allegoria, the latinisation of the Greek ἀλληγορία (allegoría), "veiled language, figurative", which in turn comes from both ἄλλος (allos), "another, different" and ἀγορεύω (agoreuo), "to harangue, to speak in the assembly", which originates from ἀγορά (agora), "assembly".


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Camillo Rusconi (1658-1728) | Baroque Era sculptor



Camillo Ruscóni (14 July 1658 - 8 December 1728) was an Italian sculptor🎨 of the late Baroque🎨 in Rome. His style displays both features of Baroque and Neoclassicism. He has been described as a Carlo Maratta in marble.
Initially trained in his hometown of Milan with Giuseppe Rusnati. By 1685-1686, he had moved to Rome and into the studio of Ercole Ferrata, who died within a year or two of his arrival.


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Caspar David Friedrich (German painter, 1774-1840)



Caspar David Friedrich was one of the greatest exponents in European art of the symbolic🎨 landscape.
He studied at the Academy in Copenhagen (1794-98), and subsequently settled in Dresden, often traveling to other parts of Germany.
Friedrich's landscapes are based entirely on those of northern Germany and are beautiful renderings of trees, hills, harbors, morning mists, and other light effects based on a close observation of nature.
Some of Friedrich's best-known paintings are expressions of a religious mysticism.


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Louis Béroud | The Copyists in the Louvre, 1909



After visiting the Louvre, an American visitor noted that:
"along the galleries are numerous temporary stands, easels, etc., at which artists are constantly at work copying such paintings as they may have orders for, or hope to find purchasers for" (as quoted in Barbara Stern Shapiro, Pleasures of Paris: Daumier to Picasso, Boston, 1991, p. 108).