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19th century Inventions


Gaines Ruger Donoho (American painter, 1857-1916) | The Mount, 1880

The 19th century🎨 saw the birth of science as a profession; the term scientist was coined in 1833 by William Whewell, which soon replaced the older term of (natural) philosopher.

mong the most influential ideas of the 19th century were those of Charles Darwin (alongside the independent researches of Alfred Russel Wallace), who in 1859 published the book "The Origin of Species", which introduced the idea of evolution by natural selection.
Another important landmark in medicine and biology were the successful efforts to prove the germ theory of disease.

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Franz Leo Ruben (1842-1920) | Genre painter



Franz Leo Ruben was an Austrian painter🎨 who was born in Prague, Czech Republic.
Painter of history, genre scenes, landscapes, he obtained numerous awards including a gold medal🎨 in Vienna in 1873 and one in Munich in 1883.

He has painted numerous views of Venice. His works can be found in the Museum of Graz, Prague, Stuttgart, Vienna, Zurich.

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Alfred Agache (1843-1915) | Academic painter



Alfred-Pierre Joseph Agache, also known simply as Alfred Agache, was a French🎨 academic painter.
Little is known of Agache's life. He was born in Lille, France, and exhibited his work frequently in Paris until his death.

He seems to have specialized in portraits and large-scale allegorical paintings.
He was a member of the Société des Artistes Français, and won a third-class medal🎨 in 1885 for his work.

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Myron G. Barlow | Apples, 1914



Myron G. Barlow (1873-1937) - American🎨 Genre and figure painter, was born in Ionia, Michigan, and raised in Detroit. His name is associated with that city even though he spent most of his later life in France.

Barlow studied with Joseph Gies at the Detroit Museum School and for a year at the Chicago Art Institute, Illinois.
Early in his career, he worked as a newspaper artist.

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Rabindranath Tagore | O Woman / Donna!


Gustav Klimt🎨 (1862-1918) | Judith II Salomè, 1909 (detail)

O woman, you are not merely the
handiwork of God, but also of men;
these are ever endowing you with
beauty from their hearts.

Donna, non sei soltanto l’opera di Dio,
ma anche degli uomini, che sempre
ti fanno bella con i loro cuori.

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Léon Cogniet | The massacre of the Innocents, 1824



The Massacre of the Innocents (Location: Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rennes.) is the biblical account of infanticide by Herod the Great, the Roman-appointed King of the Jews.

According to the Gospel of Matthew, Herod ordered the execution of all young male children in the vicinity of Bethlehem, so as to avoid the loss of his throne to a newborn King of the Jews whose birth had been announced to him by the Magi.
In typical Matthean style, it is understood as the fulfillment of an Old Testament prophecy.

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Emile Lecomte-Vernet | La Fidele, 1866



Son of painter Hippolyte Lecomte and nephew of Horace Vernet, Emile Lecomte-Vernet studied with his uncle and with Léon Cogniet🎨.
He traveled to Algeria, Morocco and Egypt.
From 1843, he regularly exhibits at the Paris Salon🎨 orientalist subjects among others. | © Sotheby's