Visualizzazione post con etichetta 18th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 18th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Charles Meynier | Apollo and the Muses, 1798



Charles Meynier | Clio, Muse of History | Cleveland Museum of Art

In 1797 François-Bernard Boyer-Fonfrède, an industrial textile manufacturer, commissioned Charles Meynier (Paris, 1768-1832) to paint nine canvases featuring Apollo and the Muses for a large room in his home in Toulouse.
Meynier exhibited the painting based on this drawing at the Salon of 1800 but ultimately only completed five canvases, as his patron ran out of money.
The paintings were installed in the hall of Wallenried Castle, Switzerland by General Castella de Berlens around 1824, where they remained until 1983.
The group was acquired by the Cleveland Museum of Art in 2003. | © The Metropolitan Museum of Art


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Genre painting





Vincent van Gogh | The reaper after Millet, 1889

Genre painting (or petit genre), a form of genre art, depicts aspects of everyday life by portraying ordinary people engaged in common activities.
One common definition of a genre scene is that it shows figures to whom no identity can be attached either individually or collectively - thus distinguishing petit genre from history paintings (also called grand genre) and portraits.
A work would often be considered as a genre work even if it could be shown that the artist had used a known person - a member of his family, say - as a model.
In this case it would depend on whether the work was likely to have been intended by the artist to be perceived as a portrait - sometimes a subjective question.
The depictions can be realistic, imagined, or romanticized by the artist. Because of their familiar and frequently sentimental subject matter, genre paintings have often proven popular with the bourgeoisie, or middle class.


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Jean-Honoré Fragonard | A Young Scholar, 1778




Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) was a French painter🎨 and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance and hedonism.
One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings (not counting drawings and etchings), of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre paintings.


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18th century Inventions



Piano by Bartolomeo Cristofori, 1726

The inventions of the 18th century made the modern world that we live in possible.
The 18th century was a time of innovation. The industrial revolution would not be possible if it were not for the men who created the inventions to make life easier and more productive.
Some inventions were improvements on older machinery.

1700s

1701 ‣ Jethro Tull invents the seed drill.
1709 ‣ Bartolomeo Cristofori crafts the first piano.
1709 ‣ Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the alcohol thermometer.


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Cesare Pavese | Agony / Agonia, 1933



Frantz Charlet (Belgian Impressionist painter, 1862-1928) | A promenade in Vonaco

I’ll wander the streets till I’m dead tired,
I’ll learn to live alone and look each passing face
straight in the eye and still be what I am.
This coolness ascending in me, searching through my veins,
is an awakening each morning that I’ve never felt
so real -except that I feel stronger
than my body, and a colder shiver comes each morning now.

The mornings I had at twenty are now far: away.
And tomorrow, twenty-one: tomorrow I’ll go out in tile
streets -
I remember every stone, and the layers of the sky.


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Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714-1789)




Claude-Joseph Vernet was the leading French🎨 landscape painter (with Hubert Robert🎨) of the later 18th century🎨.
He achieved great celebrity with his topographical paintings and serene landscapes.
He was also one of the century's most accomplished painters of tempests and moonlight scenes.
Vernet was born at Avignon and trained there with his father, Antoine, and with the history painter Philippe Sauvan.


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Sir Thomas Lawrence | Julia, Lady Peel, 1827 | Frick Collection




Julia Floyd (1795-1859) was married in 1820 to the British statesman Sir Robert Peel, who twice served as Prime Minister and was an avid patron of Lawrence.
The Frick portrait apparently was inspired by Rubens’ painting of Susanna Fourment🎨 known as the "Chapeau de paille", which Peel had acquired in 1823.


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Abraham Pether (1756-1812)




Abraham Pether was an English🎨 landscape painter, recognised for his skill in depicting moonlit scenes.
He was also a talented musician, inventor, mathematician and philosopher.
He painted river and mountain scenery, with classical buildings, in a pleasing though artificial style, somewhat resembling that of Richard Wilson; but his reputation rests on his moonlight subjects, which attracted much admiration, and earned for him the sobriquet of "Moonlight" Pether.