Charles William Mitchell | Hypatia of Alexandria, 1885

Charles William Mitchell (1854-1903) was an British🎨 Pre-Raphaelite painter from Newcastle.
A contemporary of John William Waterhouse🎨, his work is similar in many ways.
His one famous piece was Hypatia, shown in 1885 and likely inspired by the Charles Kingsley serialized novel Hypatia, or New Foes with an Old Face. This painting is currently in the Laing Art Gallery.

Charles William Mitchell - Hypatia, 1885

John Atkinson Grimshaw (British Victorian-era painter, 1836-1893)

John Atkinson Grimshaw was born in Leeds, his father was a policeman, and he started work as a railway clerk. His parents were opposed to his taking up art as a career. Grimshaw was influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites, and in his youth produced vivid, highly finished landscapes.
Gradually, Grimshaw developed his own highly distinctive style, and subject matter. He became a consummate painter of twilight, night time, and autumnal scenes. Grimshaw spent holidays at Scarborough, and many of his pictures were set there, and in Whitby. He also painted nocturnal harbour and dockside pictures. He spent some time in London.


Caravaggio | Madonna of the Rosary / Madonna del Rosario, 1608

The Madonna of the Rosary is a painting finished in 1607 by the Italian🎨 Baroque painter Caravaggio🎨, now in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. It is the only painting by Caravaggio that could be called a standard Baroque🎨 altarpiece.
The commissioner of the work is uncertain. As altarpiece it would have been commissioned for a Dominican church, given the presence of Saint Dominic and Saint Peter Martyr of Verona. The donor is included in the painting; at the left, dressed in black with a ruff, seeking protection under the cloak of Saint Dominic and peering out at the viewer.
According to some, the donor was Nicholas (or Nicholas) Radulovic, a rich merchant of Ragusa (now Dubrovnik in Croatia) and the first idea for the composition was a Madonna Enthroned with Saints Nicholas and Vito, then the subject was changed to reflect the wishes of the Dominicans.


Caravaggio | Maddalena in pianto / Magdalene Grieving, 1605-1606

According to some research, "Magdalene grieving" (1605-1606), would be a preliminary study for the character of one of the most famous works of the Lombard master conserved at the Musée du Louvre "The death of the Virgin" (1601-1605).
Commissioned in 1601 for the church of Santa Maria della Scala in Rome, The Death of the Virgin (c. 1601-1606) could not have been finished before 1605-1606.
After being refused by the monks, who found it unworthy of the church, it was replaced by a work on the same subject painted by Carlo Saraceni.
A work of light and shadow
The composition is arranged around the Virgin, the painting's central theme. The compact mass of the assemblage and the posturing of the figures guide the viewer's eye toward the abandoned body. The theatrical drape of blood-red cloth heightens the scene's dramatic effect. The painter makes use of the nuances of light and shadow to model the volumes of the objects, figures, and clothing.


Edward Okun (1872-1945) | Symbolist / Art Nouveau painter

Edward Okuń (1872-1945) was a Polish🎨 Art Nouveau painter🎨 and freemason. He painted landscapes, portraits, designed covers and llustrated magazines, including the German magazine "Jugend".
  • Biography
Okuń was born in 1872 to a noble family and was orphaned early. He grew up with his grandparents on the maternal side.
After inheriting a large fortune, he soon began drawing lessons with great painters. In 1891 he studied at the Warsaw School of Drawing. From 1891-1893 he studied under the direction of Isidore Jablonski and Jan Matejko at the Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts.
He continued his studies in Munich and Paris.


Johan Christian Dahl | Eruption of the Volcano Vesuvius, 1821

Johan Christian Claussen Dahl🎨 (24 February 1788 - 14 October 1857), often known as J. C. Dahl or I. C. Dahl, was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the greatest European artists of all time.
He is often described as "the father of Norwegian landscape painting" and is regarded as the first Norwegian painter ever to reach a level of artistic accomplishment comparable to that attained by the greatest European artists of his day. He was also the first to acquire genuine fame and cultural renown abroad. As one critic has put it, J.C. Dahl occupies a central position in Norwegian artistic life of the first half of the 19th century.


Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675) | 179 artworks | Part.¹

Johannes Vermeer (October 1632 - December 1675) was a Dutch painter🎨 who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. He was a moderately successful provincial genre painter🎨 in his lifetime but evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.
Vermeer worked slowly and with great care, and frequently used very expensive pigments. He is particularly renowned for his masterly treatment and use of light in his work.
Vermeer painted mostly domestic interior scenes.
"Almost all his paintings are apparently set in two smallish rooms in his house in Delft; they show the same furniture and decorations in various arrangements and they often portray the same people, mostly women".

Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675) | 179 artworks | Part.³

Auguste Rodin🎨 in: Camille Mauclair (1905).
Auguste Rodin: The Man, His Ideas, His Works, p. 65-67.
'Europe' in anything other than the geographical sense is a wholly artificial construct. It makes no sense at all to lump together Beethoven🎨 and Debussy🎨, Voltaire and Burke, Vermeer and Picasso, Notre Dame and St Paul's, boiled beef and bouillabaisse, and portray them as elements of a 'European' musical, philosophical, artistic, architectural or gastronomic reality. If Europe charms us, as it has so often charmed me, it is precisely because of its contrasts and contradictions, not its coherence and continuity.

Betto Lotti (Italian Expressionist painter, 1894-1977)

Benedetto (Betto) Lotti (Taggia, July 12, 1894 - Como, 1977) was an Italian painter⏭ and engraver who belonged to the art movement called Novecento Italiano.
Family and early life
Betto Lotti was the son of Vincenzo, art teacher, headmaster and painter, and Vittoria dei Marchesi Curlo, both coming from the region of Liguria. Due to fact that his father was working for the state, the family was constrained to move constantly and the young man had to attend schools in different Italian cities.
He began his studies in Porto Maurizio (Imperia), and then at the Art School in Venice. He was a student of such well-known painters as Guglielmo Ciardi and Ettore Tito. Later on the family moved to Bologna and finally to Florence, where Lotti, a student of great masters, finished his studies.


Piero della Francesca (1422-1492)

Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 - 12 October 1492) was an Italian painter🎨 of the Early Renaissance🎨. As testified by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects, to contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer.
Nowadays Piero della Francesca is chiefly appreciated for his art. His painting is characterized by its serene humanism, its use of geometric forms and perspective.
His most famous work is the cycle of frescoes The History of the True Cross in the church of San Francesco in the Tuscan town of Arezzo.


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