George Augustus Holmes (British, 1822-1911) was a painter of genre scenes who exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1852-1909. He also exhibited at the British Institution, Grosvenor Gallery and the Paris Salon between 1906-1911; but most of his works were exhibited at Suffolk Street where he exhibited no less than 110 pieces.
Like the waves he so perfectly captured, Courbet's love affair with the sea ebbed and flowed throughout his career. Born a child of the rugged mountainous terrain around Ornans in the Franche-Comté, Courbet's first glimpse of the sea only came in 1841 during a visit to Normandy with his childhood friend, Urbain Cuenot. Courbet's future interest in the sea as subject derived from visits to different coastal towns and can be divided into five distinct phases: 1854 and the views of the Mediterranean he made from Palavas-les-Flots, while visiting Alfred Bruyas in Montpelier, 1865 during a sojourn on the Normandy coast and a period when the sea provided the backdrop for some of his greatest portraits, such as the Countess Karoly (RF 439), 1866-67 in Trouville and Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer, where the sea water is predominantly calm, almost in anticipation of the great series of crashing waves that occurred in 1869-70 and finally at Lac Leman, the lake and its shore that represented the final years of Courbet's life, while exiled in Switzerland.
Title: "Dancer Making Points"
Author: Edgar Degas
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Location: Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, USA