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J贸zef Pankiewicz (1866-1940) | Impressionist painter

J贸zef Pankiewicz (29 November 1866 in Lublin - 4 July 1940 in La Ciotat) was a Polish馃帹 impressionist painter, graphic artist and teacher who spent much of his career in France.
From 1884 to 1885, he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw under Wojciech Gerson and Aleksander Kami艅ski.
After obtaining a scholarship, he went to Saint Petersburg to study at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
In 1889, he and his studio partner W艂adys艂aw Podkowi艅ski went to Paris to participate in the Exposition Universelle and he was awarded馃帹 a silver medal for his painting of a vegetable market.
While there, he was influenced by the impressionists馃帹 and, when he returned to Poland in 1890, attempted to introduce the latest French trends there.

The reaction from critics was largely hostile; one going so far as to advise him to see an optometrist. He persisted, however, and later produced a series of portraits inspired by the work of James McNeill Whistler.
His portrait, "Mrs. Oderfeld and her Daughter馃帹", won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle (1900) He was also a frequent exhibitor at the Salon.
In 1897, he became one of the founding members of the Society of Polish Artists "Sztuka".
For the next nine years, he travelled continuously throughout Western Europe, until he was appointed a Professor at the Krak贸w Academy of Fine Arts in 1906. He continued to travel in France, especially along the Mediterranean coast, producing a large series of landscapes and city views which increasingly showed the influence of Paul C茅zanne.
During the First World War, he lived in Spain, where he met Robert Delaunay and once again absorbed new post-impressionist influences into his style; notably fauvism.
He became the leader of a group of young artists known as the Kapists (Colourists), whose members were opposed to the Romantic tradition in Polish art.
In 1923, he returned to the Academy in Krak贸w. After 1925, he was the Director of its branch in Paris.

Among his notable students were J贸zef Czapski, Alice Halicka, Mo茂se Kisling, Jan Rubczak, Zygmunt Waliszewski and Wac艂aw Zawadowski.
Between the wars, his style evolved again, becoming more decorative, and he painted a series of still-lifes. He also continued to paint landscapes in Southern France.
  • In 1927, he was named a member of the Legion of Honor.
In 1933, he was awarded the Order of Polonia Restituta. A major showing of his works was held at the National Museum to celebrate his seventieth birthday in 1936. The following year, he retired and went to live in La Ciotat, near Marseilles, where he died.

J贸zef Pankiewicz - pittore Polacco (Lublino 1866 - La Ciotat, Bouches-du-Rh么ne, 1940), influenzato a Parigi (1889) soprattutto dall'impressionismo, che introdusse in Polonia.
Appartenne all'Accademia di belle arti di Cracovia e fu anche noto ritrattista ed incisore.