Diego Rivera | Portrait of a Spaniard, 1912


The illustrious Salon d’Automne - from its inception the world’s leading avant-garde venue along with the Salon des Artistes Indépendants - opened its annual exhibition at the Grand Palais on October 1, 1912.
Displaying over seventeen hundred paintings and sculptures to an expectant Parisian public, it included a portrait section of nineteenth century paintings all executed by French artists** and, most notoriously, a gallery of increasingly scandalous and rejected Cubist works such as La Maison Cubiste, a three dimensional installation that housed works by Duchamp**, Léger, Gleizes and others.

Diego Rivera | Self Portrait with Hat, 1907 · Museo Dolores Olmedo Patino, Mexico

It was for this Salon that Diego Rivera** prepared two large format paintings: Retrato de un español / Portrait of a Spaniard and The Crock, both dated 1912. By this time, Rivera was extremely anxious about the development of his craft.
Residing in Paris, he counted Modigliani**, Picasso, and many other artists - all champions of an incessant revolution - among his closest friends. Through them, Rivera understood the need to produce “a fully modern concept of modernity, free from regional themes, far from naturalism and extremely intellectual”.
While thoroughly committed to the modernist cause, Rivera was simultaneously seeking a stylistic breakthrough through the canons of art history. His legendary vitality and passion were concentrated on studying the work of one artist in particular: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, most widely known as El Greco (1541-1614)**.
Such adherence and reverence to the old master tradition found itself in a direct collision course with recent developments in the Parisian art world: Rivera’s two works at the Salon d’Automne were hanging in close proximity to Francis Picabia's (1879-1953) radical La Source (1912), Kupka’s Amorpha, Fugue a Deux Couleurs (1912), Amedeo Modiglani’s (1884-1920)** Tête sculptures and Jean Metzinger’s (1883-1956) Danseuse au Café, among others. Interestingly, Marcel Duchamp's (1887-1968) Nu Descendant un Escalier No. 2 (1912), now considered an icon of modernism, was rejected to participate in the same Salon.
In addition to El Greco**, Rivera was intensely focused in studying Henri Matisse (1869-1954)** and Georges Seurat (1859-1891)**.
The shock of Cézanne** came abruptly.
Critic and promoter of Mexican art Frances Flynn Paine noted in the exhibition catalogue of Diego Rivera at The Museum of Modern Art, New York in 1931 that:
“in February 1910, [Rivera] saw an exhibition of Cézanne’s** and the impression was such that it gave him, after he spent a day in the studio, a nervous fever …/.. the doctor diagnosed Diego’s very high temperature as produced entirely by a severe nervous shock. The work of Cézanne** had opened up for Diego the endless possibilities of modern art. He became almost fanatical in his admiration for his painting”.
Painted in 1912, Retrato de un español / Portrait of a Spaniard emerged within a deeply ideological and fiercely creative cultural milieu-the most consequential in the history of modern art. We now know this is a portrait of Hermenegildo Alsina, a fine books binder and Spanish decorative artist who was a close friend of Rivera in Madrid, Barcelona and later in Paris.
Originally known as Portrait of Hermenegildo Alsina, the painting was exhibited under this title at the Paris Salon and at the Kunstausstellungsgebaude, Secession in Munich in 1913.
After its re-appearance at Sotheby’s in 1968, it was wrongly titled Portrait of Utrillo and also as Portrait of Eduardo Chicharro, the artist’s mentor at the San Fernando Academy in Madrid. Diego himself referred to it as The Man with the Umbrella in his memoirs My Art, My Life.
Occupying the complete height of the painting, Hermenegildo Alsina, the “Spaniard”, is depicted as an elongated figure in a barren landscape. Strong echoes of El Greco’s St John the Baptist (circa 1600) at the Museo de Bellas Artes, Valencia and San Bernardino de Siena (1603) at the Prado Museum, Madrid are visible in the figure’s languid, fragile pose.
Masterly rendered are the famously tormented skies reminiscent of the ones portrayed in St. John the Baptist. Professor Martín-Lozano noted an additional visual reference and possible source of inspiration: El Anacoreta (the Anchorite), a landmark painting by Ignacio Zuloaga (1870-1945) of 1907 now at the Musée du Quai d’Orsay in Paris. Depicting the emaciated body of a hermit, the impossibly elongated figure dominates the foreground rising upward from the earth like a grown tree, his fingers and hands crisscrossed as he vacuously stares at the sky.
Unlike in the old master paintings, Rivera’s Spaniard stares confidently at the viewer. The young man projects a carefully constructed air of nonchalance. Embodying the image of a dandy, he is casually attired in a fashionable hat and an elegant brown overcoat. A green feathered necktie complements his cultivated look as he retains the viewer’s attention with absolute finesse.
As in El Greco’s** painting, Rivera's composition reveals a vividly agitated sky filled with onerous grey clouds. White strokes of paint seem to radiate from the Spaniard as to symbolize a halo of earthly sanctity.
When comparing the finished work to Boceto para el retrato de un español (ca. 1912), offered in these rooms in November 2016, a number of differences arise: while Alsina hides his hands inside the pockets of his long coat, the finished version depicts him delicately holding an umbrella: a vital accessory of the fashion forward ‘man about town’.
Most striking is the recent discovery by [Spanish curator] Julio Niebla of a photograph portraying a young Hermenegildo Alsina. The discovery of this photograph belonging to the collection of Alsina’s descendants reveals two distinct possibilities: either Rivera had the model pose for him in situ somewhere in the woods near Barcelona and finish the composition in his studio at a later point, or the artist casually saw the photograph and decided to work directly from this image.
In both the photo (anonymous, undated) and the study, Alsina presents the same languid frontal pose. The study, however, reveals an immediacy lacking in the finished canvas. Alsina’s walk seems to have been suddenly interrupted as if surprised by the sudden gaze of the photographer. In contrast to the photo, his left foot appears slightly turned towards the back while in the sketch it is placed on an equal plane.
Although a man of considerable height, Alsina was purposely “elongated” by Rivera in the Mannerist style** of El Greco and Zuloaga. An additional difference between this photographic document and the painting is the background. As an idealized rendition of a genre painting, the Spaniard is portrayed against a barren landscape with colors reminiscent of the Castilian dry plateau. Devoid of trees and vines, a sense of vastness, of absolute infinity triumphs over the landscape thus further alienating the Spaniard from terrestrial concerns.
After exhibiting Retrato de un español / Portrait of a Spaniard at the Salon d’Automne that fall, Diego returned to Spain to continue a dramatic series of Toledo landscapes depicting a variety of views surrounding the town's medieval wall. There he would complete another important painting: The Adoration of the Shepherds (1912-1913). The latter canvas points to Rivera’s stylistic departure from this pivotal Spanish phase, a period when he first reached artistic maturity splendidly represented by Retrato de un español. | © Sotheby’s

Hermén Alsina, model for Retrato de un español, circa 1912

L'illustre Salon d'Automne, dal suo inizio sede principale d'avanguardia al mondo insieme al Salon des Artistes Indépendants, aprì la sua mostra annuale al Grand Palais il 1° ottobre 1912. Mostrando oltre millecinquecento dipinti e sculture a un parigino in attesa pubblico, includeva una sezione di ritratti di dipinti del XIX secolo tutti eseguiti da artisti francesi e, più notoriamente, una galleria di opere cubiste sempre più scandalose e rifiutate come La Maison Cubiste, un'installazione tridimensionale che ospitava opere di Duchamp, Léger, Gleizes ed altri.
Fu per questo Salon che Diego Rivera** preparò due dipinti di grande formato: Retrato de un español (Ritratto di uno spagnolo) e The Crock, entrambi datati 1912. A quel tempo, Rivera era estremamente ansioso per lo sviluppo del suo mestiere.
Residente a Parigi, come Modigliani**, Picasso e molti altri artisti, tutti campioni di una rivoluzione incessante, tra i suoi amici più stretti. Attraverso di loro, Rivera ha capito la necessità di produrre "un concetto completamente moderno di modernità, libero da temi regionali, lontano dal naturalismo e estremamente intellettuale".
Pur essendo profondamente impegnata nella causa modernista, Rivera cercava contemporaneamente una svolta stilistica attraverso i canoni della storia dell'arte. La sua leggendaria vitalità e passione erano concentrate nello studio del lavoro di un artista in particolare: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, il più conosciuto come El Greco (1541-1614)**.
Tale aderenza e riverenza alla vecchia tradizione del maestro si è trovata in rotta di collisione diretta con i recenti sviluppi nel mondo dell'arte parigino: le due opere di Rivera al Salon d'Automne erano appese in prossimità del radicale La Source di Francis Picabia, di Kupka Amorpha, Fugue a Deux Couleurs, di Amedeo Modigliani** Tête sculture e Jean Metzinger di Danseuse au Café, tra gli altri.
È interessante notare che il discendente di Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968)** Nu Descendant un Escalier n. 2 (1912), ora considerato un'icona del modernismo, fu respinto per partecipare allo stesso Salon.
Oltre ad El Greco**, Rivera si dedicò intensamente allo studio di Henri Matisse (1869-1954) e Georges Seurat (1859-1891)**.
Lo shock di Cézanne arrivò all'improvviso.
La critica e promotrice dell'arte messicana Frances Flynn Paine ha notato nel catalogo della mostra di Diego Rivera al Museum of Modern Art di New York nel 1931 che:
"nel febbraio 1910 [Rivera] ha visto una mostra di Cézanne e l'impressione è stata tale da dare lui, dopo aver trascorso una giornata in studio, una febbre nervosa ... / ... il dottore diagnosticò la temperatura molto elevata di Diego prodotta interamente da un grave shock nervoso. Il lavoro di Cézanne aveva aperto a Diego le infinite possibilità dell'arte moderna. Divenne quasi fanatico nella sua ammirazione per la sua pittura".
Dipinto nel 1912, Retrato de un español (Ritratto di uno spagnolo) è emerso in un ambiente culturale profondamente ideologico e fieramente creativo, il più consequenziale nella storia dell'arte moderna. Ora sappiamo che questo è un ritratto di Hermenegildo Alsina, un raffinato raccoglitore di libri e artista decorativo spagnolo che era amico intimo di Rivera a Madrid, Barcellona e più tardi a Parigi.
Originariamente noto come Ritratto di Hermenegildo Alsina, il dipinto è stato esposto con questo titolo al Salone di Parigi e alla Kunstausstellungsgebaude, Secessione a Monaco nel 1913. Dopo la sua riapparizione a Sotheby's nel 1968, è stato erroneamente intitolato Portrait of Utrillo ed anche come Ritratto di Eduardo Chicharro, il mentore dell'artista all'Accademia di San Fernando a Madrid. Lo stesso Diego si è riferito a The Man with the Umbrella nelle sue memorie My Art, My Life.
Occupando l'altezza completa del dipinto, Hermenegildo Alsina, lo "spagnolo", è raffigurato come una figura allungata in un paesaggio arido. I forti echi del San Giovanni Battista di El Greco (circa 1600) al Museo de Bellas Artes, Valencia e San Bernardino de Siena (1603) al Museo del Prado, Madrid sono visibili nella posa languida e fragile della figura.
I cieli notoriamente tormentati ricordano magistralmente quelli raffigurati in San Giovanni Battista. Il professor Martín-Lozano ha notato un ulteriore riferimento visivo e una possibile fonte di ispirazione: El Anacoreta (l'Anacoreta), un dipinto storico di Ignacio Zuloaga (1870-1945) del 1907, ora al Musée d'Orsay a Parigi.
Raffigurante il corpo emaciato di un eremita, la figura impossibilmente allungata domina il primo piano che sale verso l'alto dalla terra come un albero cresciuto, con le dita e le mani incrociate mentre guarda vacuamente il cielo.
A differenza dei vecchi maestri dipinti, lo spagnolo Rivera fissa fiducioso lo spettatore. Il giovane proietta un'aria di nonchalance costruita con cura. Incarnando l'immagine di un dandy, è vestito con indifferenza in un cappello alla moda e un elegante soprabito marrone. Una cravatta verde piumata completa il suo look colto mentre conserva l'attenzione dello spettatore con assoluta finezza. Come nel dipinto di El Greco**, la composizione di Rivera rivela un cielo vividamente agitato pieno di pesanti nuvole grigie. Pennellate di vernice bianche sembrano irradiare dallo spagnolo per simboleggiare un alone di santità terrena.
Confrontando il lavoro finito con Boceto para el retrato de un español (1912 circa), offerto in queste sale nel novembre 2016, sorgono alcune differenze: mentre Alsina nasconde le mani nelle tasche del suo lungo cappotto , la versione finale lo raffigura tenendo delicatamente un ombrello: un accessorio vitale della moda in avanti "uomo della città".
La cosa più sorprendente è la recente scoperta del curatore spagnolo Julio Niebla di una fotografia che ritrae un giovane Hermenegildo Alsina. La scoperta di questa fotografia appartenente alla collezione dei discendenti di Alsina rivela due possibilità distinte: o Rivera aveva il modello posato per lui in situda qualche parte nei boschi vicino a Barcellona e finire la composizione nel suo studio in un secondo momento, o l'artista ha casualmente visto la fotografia e ha deciso di lavorare direttamente da questa immagine.
Sia nella foto (anonima, non datata) che nello studio, Alsina presenta la stessa languida posa frontale. Lo studio, tuttavia, rivela un'immediatezza carente nella tela finita. La passeggiata di Alsina sembra essere stata improvvisamente interrotta come se fosse sorpresa dallo sguardo improvviso del fotografo. In contrasto con la foto, il suo piede sinistro appare leggermente rivolto verso la parte posteriore mentre nello schizzo è posto su un piano uguale.
Nonostante fosse un uomo di considerevole altezza, Alsina fu volutamente "allungata" da Rivera nello stile manierista di El Greco** e Zuloaga. Un'ulteriore differenza tra questo documento fotografico e il dipinto è lo sfondo. Come una rappresentazione idealizzata di un dipinto di genere, lo spagnolo è ritratto contro un paesaggio arido con colori che ricordano l'altopiano castigliano. Privo di alberi e viti, un senso di vastità,
Dopo aver esposto Retrato de un español (Ritratto di uno spagnolo) al Salon d'Automne, Diego è tornato in Spagna per continuare una serie drammatica di paesaggi di Toledo raffiguranti una varietà di panorami che circondano il muro medievale della città. Lì avrebbe completato un altro dipinto importante: L'adorazione dei pastori (1912-1913). Quest'ultima tela indica l'allontanamento stilistico di Rivera da questa fondamentale fase spagnola, periodo in cui raggiunse per la prima volta la maturità artistica splendidamente rappresentata da Retrato de un español. | © Sotheby’s

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Frédéric Bazille - Réunion de famille, 1867
Gaetano Previati | Divisionism / Symbolism painter
Gaspar van Wittel | The Darsena, Naples, ca. 1700-1718
Gaston de La Touche | Le Ballet, 1890-1913
Georg Pauli - Winter Evening at Söder, Stockholm, 1889
Georg Pauli | Symbolist painter
George Augustus Holmes | Playmates, 1875
George Henry Boughton | A spring idyll, 1901
George Richmond 1809-1896
Georges Lapchine - Place Saint-Germain des Près
Georges Picard | Romance under the blossom tree
Georges de La Tour [1593-1652]
Georges de la Tour | The Cheat with the Ace of Diamonds, 1635 | Musée du Louvre
Georges-Antoine Rochegrosse (1859-1938) | 50 artworks
Georges-Marie-Julien Girardot (French, 1856-1914)
Gianni De Conno ~ Surrealist book illustrator
Gioacchino La Pira - Vesuvius at Night, 1865
Gioia Cordovani - Portrait painter
Giorgio Vasari - Portrait of Lorenzo the Magnificent
Giorgio de Chirico | The Seer, 1914
Giorgio di Tomaso Schiavone | Madonna and Child, 1459-60
Giotto - La Cappella degli Scrovegni
Giovanni Bedini | The violinist, 1924
Giovanni Boldini | La danzatrice spagnola, 1900
Giovanni Dupré | Saffo abbandonata, 1853
Giuseppe De Nittis - Snow Effects, 1880
Giuseppe De Nittis | Figura di donna, 1880
Giuseppe De Nittis ~ It's so Cold! /Che freddo! 1874
Gottfrid Kallstenius (1861-1943)
Guillaume-Charles Brun | Young Rag Seller, 1870
Gustav Klimt | Lady with Fan
Gustave Courbet
Gustave Courbet - Jo, La Belle Irlandaise, 1865-66
Gustave Courbet | La trombe, 1867
Gustave Jean Jacquet | Academic painter
Hans Dahl (1849-1937)
Hans Zatzka | Water Lilies
Helmut Newton
Henri Fantin-Latour | Ariane abandoned, 1903
Henri Lamy, 1985 ~ Abstract Palette knife painter
Henri Matisse | Meditation after the bath, 1920
Henri Matisse | Seated Woman, Back Turned to the Open Window, 1922
Henri Matisse | Still Life with Flowers
Henri Matisse | The Romanian Green Bluse, 1939
Henri Matisse | Woman Before a Fish Bowl, 1922
Henri Matisse | Woman in a Purple Coat, 1937
Henri Matisse: La creatività richiede coraggio!
Henri Siddons Mowbray | La fête de la rose, 1887
Henry John Stock | Influences, 1905
Herbert Schmalz | Pre-Raphaelite | Orientalist painter
Herman Richir - Guerre et Paix, c. 1914
Herman Richir - La fontaine d’amour
Herman Richir | Academic painter
Hermann Corrodi | Italian ruins at the nightfall
Hermann Krüger | Park near Rome
Howard Chandler Christy | A reclining beauty
Hubert Robert | Hall of Seasons at the Louvre, 1802-03
Hugh Goldwin Rivière - The garden of Eden, 1901
Hugo Salmson - Something in the air
Hugo Simberg (1873-1917)
Irving Penn
Isaac Israëls | Woman before Sunflowers by van Gogh, 1917
Isaac Levitan ~ Spring in Italy
Ivan Shishkin (1832-1898)
Jacob de Wit | Dutch Rococo Era painter
Jacqueline Williams, 1962 - British painter
Jakub Schikaneder - The Kampa Lovers, 1894
James Abbott McNeill Whistler - Venezia San Marco
James John Hill R.A. | Genre / Portrait painter
James Tissot | A visit to the yacht, c. 1873
James Tissot | Holiday, 1876
James Tissot | The Prodigal Son in Modern Life | Series
Jan Frans Portaels | A Sicilian Bride,1861
Jan Frederik Pieter Portielje (1829-1908)
Jan Portielje (1829-1908)
Jean Bellegambe | Renaissance painter
Jean Béraud | Le coup de vent
Jean Metzinger | Cubist painter | Woman with a Mirror, 1916
Jean Metzinger | Seated Woman, 1919
Jean Metzinger | Woman with a Fan, 1913
Jean de Gaigneron | La marchesa Casati, 1922
Jean-Baptiste Greuze (1725-1805), A Child with an Apple
Jean-Francois Millet | Rest after work, 1866
Jean-Francois Raffaelli | Cityscape painter
Jean-Francois Raffaëlli (1850-1924)
Jean-Francois Raffaëlli | Paris painting
Jean-François Millet | Birds Nesters, 1874
Jean-François de Troy | Study of three figures
Jean-Honoré Fragonard - A Young Scholar
Jean-Louis Hamon - Aurora, 1864
Jeffrey R. Watts | Gypsy spirit
Jenaro Pérez de Villaamil | Romantic architectural scenes painter
Jens Ferdinand Willumsen 1863-1958
Joan Miró | The Smile of the Flamboyant Wings, 1953
Joaquin Sorolla | Siesta in the Garden, 1904
Johan Christian Dahl | Eruption of the Volcano Vesuvius, 1821
Johan Niclas Bystrom | Junon allaitant Hercule
Johann Scheffer von Leonhardshoff | The Virgin Mary in the Hortus Conclusus, 1820
Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675)
Johannes Vermeer | Officer and Laughing Girl /Il Soldato con ragazza sorridente, ca. 1657
John Atkinson Grimshaw [1836-1893]
John Atkinson Grimshaw | Ariadne at Naxos, 1877
John Atkinson Grimshaw | Victorian-era painter | 124 artworks ⁽²⁾
John Atkinson Grimshaw | Victorian-era painter | 124 artworks ⁽³⁾
John Atkinson Grimshaw | Victorian-era painter | 124 artworks ⁽¹⁾
John Atkinson Grimshaw | Victorian-era painter | 124 artworks ⁽⁴⁾
John Dickson Batten [1860-1932]
John Frederick Lewis (1805-1876)
John Frederick Lewis (British, 1805-1876)
John George Brown | Genre painter
John Gulich ~ A Violin Concerto, 1898
John Joseph Enneking ~ Venice at Night, 1874
John Neagle | Portrait of a young girl, 1836
John Palmer Wicker | Autumn, 1924
John Singer Sargent
John Singer Sargent - Madame Ramon Subercaseaux, 1880-81
John Singer Sargent - The Oyster Gatherers of Cancale, 1878
John Singer Sargent | Orestes Pursued by the Furies, 1921
John Singer Sargent | Part. 2
John Singer Sargent | Part. 3
John Singer Sargent | Part.1
Joseph Bernard | La Jeunesse Charmée Par L'amour, 1906
Joseph Wright | A view of Vesuvius from Posillipo, Naples
Josepha Brigette, 1950 | Bronze figurative sculptor
Joshua Burbank - Mixed media on wood panel
Juan Gris | La chanteuse /La cantante, 1926
Juan Gris | The reader, 1926
Judith Leyster - Dutch Baroque Era painter
Jules Eugène Pages | Le Pont Neuf, 1933
Jules-Joseph Lefebvre | Graziella, 1878
Julie Ford Oliver ~ Still Life
Kahlil Gibran ~ Non sono né un artista né un poeta
Konstantin Korovin | Paris, Cafe de la Paix, 1906
L.W. Howard
La Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, Roma 1651
Lado Gudiashvili (1896-1980)
Laurits Andersen Ring (1854-1893) 
Lavinia Fontana | Manierist painter
Lawrence Koe | Idyll, c. 1908-11
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonid Pasternak / Леонид Пастернак (1862-1945)
Leopold Schmutzler - La vendangeuse
Linda Leucareth | Infrared photographer
Lionel Walden - Hawaiian Fisherman, 1924
Lionel Walden - I Docks di Cardiff, 1894
Liu Maoshan | Landscape painter
Lord Frederic Leighton | Greek Girls Playing at Ball, 1889
Louis Beroud | The Central Dome of the Universal Exhibition of 1889
Louis de Trinquesse - After the Soirée, 1774
Louise Rayner 1832-1924
Luana Celli
Lucas Cranach the Elder - Renaissance painter
Lucien-Victor Guirand de Scevola (1871-1950)
Ludovico Carracci | The penitent Saint Peter
Ludwig Passini | The pretty fruit vendor / La bella venditora di frutta
Luigi Loir | View of Notre Dame
Luigi Nono | Abandoned, 1903
Luigi Rossi - Symbolist / Genre painter
Luigi Russolo | Profumo (Perfume), 1910
Luis Paret Y Alcazár | Charles III dining before the Court, 1775
Léon-Adolphe Belly | Femmes fellahs au bord du Nil, 1856
Malcolm Liepke, 1953
Man Ray [1890-1976]
Man Ray | Jazz, 1919
Marc Chagall: "Tutti i colori sono gli amici dei loro vicini e gli amanti dei loro opposti"..
Marcus Larson - Fishing near the fjord by moonlight, 1862
Mariana Stauffer | Palette knife Impressionist painter
Marie Elisabeth Giese | Berlin Potsdamer Platz by night, 1930
Mario Puccini | Fanciullo
Martin Johnson Heade | Landscape painter
Mary Cassatt | Woman with a Pearl Necklace in a Loge, 1879
Maurice Prendergast | Along the Seine, 1892-1894
Max Ernst - Paesaggio, 1935
Max Nonnenbruch | Genre/Portrait painter
Megan Duncanson | Palette Knife Abstract Landscape painter
Michael Tolleson | Abstract Palette Knife painter
Michelangelo: L'arte è quello che c'è fra il colore e la tela..
Michele Cascella - Saint Germain en Laye
Micko-Vic ~ Palette Knife Cubist painter
Milan Kundera
Myron G. Barlow - Apples, 1914
Napoleone Nani | Ritorno alla campagna
Natalie Shau ~ Pop Surrealism Digital painter
Nicola Simbari ~ Palette knife painter
Nikolai Dubovskoy - Silence, 1890
Norman Lindsay | Australian Modern painter and sculptor
Norton Bush | A river in the tropics, 1891
Odilon Redon - Butterflies, 1910
Odilon Redon - Melancholy, 1876
Odilon Redon - Still Life
Odilon Redon | Mysterious Boat
Orazio Gentileschi | Danaë, 1623
Oscar Ricciardi | Capri
Oskar Kokoschka ~ The Elbe Near Dresden, c.1921
Pablo Neruda ~ Non t’amo come se fossi rosa di sale..
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1894-1898
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1899-1900
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1901-1903
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1903-1904
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1905
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1906
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1907
Pablo Picasso | Artworks by year | 1908
Pablo Picasso | Head of a Man in El Greco style, 1899
Pablo Picasso | La siesta, 1919
Padovanino, Alessandro Varotari | The Archangel Michael
Paris in art
Paris painting
Pat Brennan ~ Surreal Fantasy
Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)
Paul Cezanne | The Card Players, 1892-1895
Paul Cezanne, "il greco della Belle Epoque"
Paul Cézanne | L’Après-Midi à Naples, 1876-1877
Paul Cézanne | The Card Players, 1890-1892
Paul Cézanne | The Fishermen (Fantastic Scene) c.1875
Paul Gauguin - A seashore, 1887
Paul Gauguin - Allée des Alyscamps,1888
Paul Gauguin - Seated breton girl, 1889
Paul Gauguin | A Vase of Flowers, 1896
Paul Gauguin | Contes Barbares, 1902
Paul Gauguin | Nature Morte Aux Mangos, 1891-96
Paul Gauguin | Petit Breton à l'oie, 1889
Paul Gauguin | Young Man with a Flower behind his Ear, 1891
Paul Klee - Ad Parnassum, 1932
Paul Klee | Mountain in Winter, 1925
Peder Severin Krøyer | Midsummer Eve bonfire on Skagen's beach, 1906
Penleigh Boyd - Woodcutter’s Cottage
Peter Bell, 1969 - Impressionist Ocean garden
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Petrus van Schendel | Charity in the Night Market, c.1851-54
Philip Hermogenes Calderon - The Orphans, 1870
Philip Wilson Steer | Boulogne Sands, 1888-91
Pierre Auguste Renoir - Reading Woman on the Bench, 1905
Pierre Auguste Renoir - Woman with Guitar, 1895-97
Pierre Auguste Renoir | At the Cafe, 1877
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir - Les Bords de la Seine à Argenteuil, 1880
Pierre-Auguste Renoir - The Lovers, 1875
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | After the Luncheon, 1879
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | Girls in Black, 1882
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | L'allée Couverte, 1872
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | Le repos, 1895.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | Madame Renoir au Chapeau, 1883
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | The Sleeper, 1880
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | Woman in an Armchair, 1874
Pierre-Auguste Renoir | Young Girls Looking at an Album, c.1892
Pietro Antonio Rotari | A peasant girl In profile wearing a white scarf
Pino (Giuseppe Dangelico) 1939-2010
Plinio Nomellini | La donna del mare
Portrait of Edouard Manet - Carolus Duran, 1880
Pyotr Konchalovsky | The Jack of Diamonds Art Group
Rabindranath Tagore
Raffaello Sorbi | The Harvest Dance | La festa della vendemmia, 1893
Ralph Albert Blakelock - A Waterfall, Moonlight
Rembrandt | Flora, 1634
Rembrandt | Portraits / Self-Portraits
Rembrandt | Portraits / Self-portraits | Drawing
Rembrandt | Portraits ⁽²⁾
Rembrandt | Portraits ⁽³⁾
Rembrandt | Portraits ⁽¹⁾
Rembrandt | Young Woman at an Open Half-Door, 1645
Rembrandt | Young Woman with a Red Necklace, 1645
René Magritte - La bonne aventure, 1938
Richard Bergh | Nordic Summer Evening, 1899-1900
Richard Bergh | Nordic summer's evening
Richard Westall ~ Helen of Troy and Paris
Robert Campin (1375-1444)
Robert Henri - Edna Smith in a Japanese Wrap, ca. 1915
Robert Kemm - The Artist's Model
Roberta Ubaldi, 1965 | Abstract /Figurative painter
Romain de Tirtoff | Art Déco painter
Rudolf Ernst (1854-1932)
Ruth and Naomi, 1886
Salvatore Fiume | L'Abbraccio, 1970
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽²⁾
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽³⁾
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽⁴⁾
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽⁵⁾
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽⁶⁾
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽⁷⁾
Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) ⁽⁸⁾
Sandro Botticelli - Madonna of the Pomegranate, 1487
Sandro Botticelli - The Virgin and Child with a Pomegranate
Sandro Botticelli ~ Pietà, 1490
Sergio Lopez, 1983
Shakespeare ~ Otello e Desdemona
Sidney Harold Meteyard (1868-1947)
Sir Anthony van Dyck - Family Portrait, 1621
Sir William Blake Richmond 1842-1921
Sir William Fettes Douglas 1822-1891
Sir William Russell Flint | Raquel And Manuela
Steve De La Mare ~ Digital Fantasy painter
Still Life painting
Theodor von Holst | The Bride, 1842
Thomas Alexander Ferguson Graham | Alone in London, 1904
Thomas Edwin Mostyn | Jewels
Thomas Moran | The Golden Hour, 1875
Thomas Moran | The Hudson River School
Thomas Sully ~ Portrait painter
Tiziano Vecellio | David and Goliath, 1544
Tiziano Vecellio ~ Mars, Venus and Cupid, 1546
Tiziano | The Aldobrandini Madonna, 1532
Ulisse Caputo (1872-1948)
Vail Oxley - Impressionist painter
Van Gogh about Jean-François Millet
Van Gogh in Auvers-sur-Oise, France, 1890
Van Gogh in Holland, 1881-1886 | Landscapes
Van Gogh in Paris, 1886-1888 | Figures | Portraits
Van Gogh in Paris, 1886-1888 | Landscapes
Van Gogh in Paris, 1886-1888 | Landscapes ⁽²⁾
Van Gogh in Paris, 1886-1888 | Still Lifes
Van Gogh | Basket of Pansies, 1887
Van Gogh | Cottage with Woman Digging, 1885
Van Gogh | First Steps, after Millet, 1890
Van Gogh | Fishing in spring the Pont de Clichy (Asnieres), 1887
Van Gogh | Flowers and blossoms
Van Gogh | Garden with Courting Couples, 1887
Van Gogh | Le Moulin de Blutefin, 1886
Van Gogh | Outskirts of Paris, 1886
Van Gogh | Portraits
Van Gogh | Prisoners Exercising | La ronda dei carcerati, 1890
Van Gogh | Red Vineyards at Arles, 1888
Van Gogh | Still Life with Grapes, 1887
Van Gogh | The Potato Eaters / I mangiatori di patate, 1885
Vasily Kotarbinsky | The Nile Mist
Vicente Palmaroli - Summer Days
Vincent Van Gogh | A Girl in White in the Woods, 1882
Vincent Van Gogh | Basket of potatoes, 1885
Vincent Van Gogh | Bridge in the rain (after Hiroshige), 1887
Vincent Van Gogh | Self-portraits
Vincent Van Gogh | The Starry Nigh, 1889
Vincent Van Gogh | The flowers
Vincent Van Gogh | White Roses, 1890
Vincent van Gogh - Lane with Poplars, 1885
Vincent van Gogh - Le pont de Trinquetaille
Vincent van Gogh - The Sower, 1888
Vincent van Gogh | A Sunday in Eindhoven, 1885
Vincent van Gogh | Almond Branch in bloom, 1890
Vincent van Gogh | Drawings
Vincent van Gogh | Irises, 1890
Vincent van Gogh | Outskirts of Paris, 1886
Vincent van Gogh | Pietà (after Delacroix), 1889
Vincent van Gogh | Pine Trees at Sunset, 1889
Vincent van Gogh | Roses and Sunflowers, 1886
Vincent van Gogh | Vase with Fourteen Sunflowers, 1888
Vincent van Gogh | Vase with Gladioli and Chinese Asters, 1886
Vincent van Gogh | Window in the Bataille Restaurant, 1887
Vincenzo Caprile | Il sogno (nel sorriso della fede)
Vincenzo Irolli | La treccia recisa, c. 1920
Vincenzo Migliaro | Porta Capuana
Vintage art
Virgilio Tojetti | Sleeping Cupid, 1885
Vittorio Matteo Corcos | Sogni, 1896
Vladimir Borovikovsky | Portrait of Maria Lopukhina, 1797
Vlaho Bukovac | Daydreams, 1905
William Bouguereau - L'Italien à la mandoline
William Bouguereau | Jeannie, 1868
William Bouguereau | Petit joueur de flûte, 1878
William Faulkner
William Henry Margetson | Castles of Sand, 1898
William Merritt Chase (1849-1916)
William Turner - Mount Vesuvius in Eruption, 1817
William-Adolphe Bouguereau - Temptation, 1880
William-Adolphe Bouguereau | Idylle, 1851
William-Adolphe Bouguereau | Idylle: famille antique, 1860
William-Adolphe Bouguereau | The Water Girl (detail)
William-Adolphe Bouguereau | The Water Girl, 1885
Zinaida Serebriakova | Sleeping Katya, 1934
Édouard Manet (1832-1883) 295 artworks ⁽²⁾
Édouard Manet (1832-1883) 295 artworks ⁽³⁾
Édouard Manet (1832-1883) 295 artworks ⁽¹⁾
Édouard Manet (1832-1883) 295 artworks ⁽⁴⁾
Édouard Manet | Cafe-Concert, 1878
Édouard Manet | Young Lady, 1866
Mahatma Gandhi

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