Visualizzazione post con etichetta 16th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 16th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Perugino | The Delivery of the Keys, 1481-1482 | Sistine Chapel, Rome



The wall paintings of the Sistine Chapel are among the most important examples of the type of painting developed in Florence in the later fifteenth century.
The five artists brought to Rome to execute them came from various different art centres: Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Rosselli from Florence, Perugino from Umbria, Signorelli from Cortona.
Perugino's contribution was the largest, with the altar wall paintings and three additional pictures. Recent scholars have concluded that it was he who was in charge of the whole project and who produced the overall design.
It is true that in "the Christ Handing the Keys to St Peter" his portraits appears next to those of the architect and builder.


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16th century | Inventions, discoveries and Arts



The 16th century one of the most tumultuous periods in Western culture - primarily due to the Protestant Reformation.
Was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, extraordinary literature, the High Renaissance and Mannerism.
This period also sees the beginnings of the scientific revolution and the colonization of the new world.
During the 16th century, advancements were also made in the theories of mathematics, cosmography, geography, and natural history.
In this century inventions related to the fields of engineering, mining, navigation, and the military arts were prominent.

1500 ▻ First portable watch is created by Peter Henlein of Germany.
1500 ▻ The first flush toilets appeared.
1501 ▻ Michelangelo returns to his native Florence to begin work on the statue David.


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Raphael (1483-1520) | Drawings


Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino was one of the finest draftsmen in the history of Western art, and used drawings extensively to plan his compositions.
According to a near-contemporary, when beginning to plan a composition, he would lay out a large number of stock drawings of his on the floor, and begin to draw "rapidly", borrowing figures from here and there.
Over forty sketches survive for the Disputa in the Stanze, and there may well have been many more originally; over four hundred sheets survive altogether.
He used different drawings to refine his poses and compositions, apparently to a greater extent than most other painters, to judge by the number of variants that survive: "...This is how Raphael himself, who was so rich in inventiveness, used to work, always coming up with four or six ways to show a narrative, each one different from the rest, and all of them full of grace and well done" wrote another writer after his death.



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El Greco (1541-1614) | 156 artworks | Page 4



Born in 1541 in either the village of Fodele or Candia (the Venetian name of Chandax, present day Heraklion) in Crete, El Greco was descended from a prosperous urban family, which had probably been driven out of Chania to Candia after an uprising against the Venetians between 1526-1528.

For more biographical notes -in english and italian- and other works by El Greco see:

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Caravaggio | The crowning with thorns, 1603



The Crowning with Thorns is a painting by the Italian master🎨 Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio🎨. Executed probably in 1603, it is now located in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
According to Caravaggio🎨's biographer Giovanni Bellori a Crowning with Thorns was made for Caravaggio's patron Vincenzo Giustiniani, and this painting can be traced convincingly to the Giustiniani collection.


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Raphael | Angel, 1501-1501



"The Baronci Altarpiece" was a painting by the Italian🎨 High Renaissance artist Raphael🎨. His first recorded commission, it was made for Andrea Baronci's chapel in the church of Sant'Agostino in Città di Castello, near Urbino.
The altarpiece was seriously damaged during an earthquake in 1789, and since 1849 fragments of the original painting have been part of different collections.


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Raphael (1483-1520) | Portraits



Raphael🎨, born Raffaello Sanzio, was crowned the "Prince of Painters" by Giorgio Vasari🎨, a sixteenth-century biographer of artists. From his father, Raphael learned painting; in his native Urbino, he experienced intellectual court life.
A year after his father's sudden death, Raphael entered the workshop of Urbino's leading painter at age twelve and quickly surpassed his master.


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Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574)



Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter🎨, architect, writer and historian, best known for his "Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects", considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
He was also the first to use the term "Renaissance" in print.


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Raphael | The Sistine Madonna, 1513-1514



One of the most famous paintings of all time has its home in Dresden. Like Leonardo's "Mona Lisa" in Paris or Botticelli's "Birth of the Venus" in Florence, Raphael's "Sistine Madonna" was memorized in our cultural memory.
"The Sistine Madonna", also called "The Madonna di San Sisto", is an oil painting by the Italian artist Raphael. The canvas was one of the last Madonnas painted by Raphael.
Giorgio Vasari called it "a truly rare and extraordinary work".


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Abraham Bloemaert (1564-1651) | Drawings



Abraham Bloemaert was a Dutch painter🎨 and printmaker in etching and engraving.
He was one of the "Haarlem Mannerists🎨" from about 1585, but in the new century altered his style to fit new Baroque trends.
He mostly painted history subjects and some landscapes. He was an important teacher, who trained most of the Utrecht Caravaggisti🎨, at least for a period.


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Abraham Bloemaert | Circe, 1625-1628



Author: Abraham Bloemaert (Dutch Mannerist painter🎨, ca.1564-1651);
Title: Circe;
Medium: Oil on canvas;
Dimensions: 22 1/8 x 19 ¼ in. (56.2 x 48.9 cm.)
Provenance: Private collection, England - with Salomon Lilian, Amsterdam and Geneva, where acquired by the present owner in 2006;
Current location: Christie's.

Daughter of Helios and Hecate, the goddess of witchcraft, the enchantress Circe was notorious in Greek mythology for her knowledge of herbs and potions.
The story is recounted by Homer in the Odyssey (Book X): Odysseus and his companions came to the island retreat of the cruel sorceress on their journey home from the Trojan War. It was Circe’s way with travelers to offer them food laced with a magic potion that transformed them into swine.


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Cornelis Cornelisz (1562-1638) | Mannerist painter



Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem - Dutch🎨 Golden Age painter and draughtsman, was one of the leading Northern Mannerist artists in the Netherlands, and an important forerunner of Frans Hals🎨 as a portraitist.
Together with Carel van Mander, Hendrick Goltzius and other artists, he started an informal drawing school that has become known in art history circles as the Haarlem Academy or "Haarlem Mannerists".


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Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) | Mannerist painter



Lavinia Fontana was an Italian painter🎨.
She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. She was the first woman artist to paint female figures, and was the main breadwinner of a family of 13.
Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, the daughter of the painter Prospero Fontana, who was a prominent painter of the School of Bologna at the time and served as her teacher. Continuing the family business was typical at the time.


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Bernardino Licinio (1489-1565) | High Renaissance painter



Bernardino Licinio was a painter during the Italian High Renaissance, creating portraits and religious works. He was born in Bergamo in the town of Lombardy. It is said that he may have trained in the studio of Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516)🎨, a prominent Venetian painter of the Bellini family. Licinio stayed close to the artistic developments of the Venetian school of painting.


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David Vinckboons (1576-1632) | Baroque Era / Genre painter



Popular and prolific, David Vinckboons trained with his painter father, who brought the family to Holland to escape religious persecution in Flanders. Despite having ten children, Vinckboons's life appears relatively uneventful.
He stayed in Amsterdam, where his family had settled years before, and he must have died before January 1633, when his widow appeared before Amsterdam's orphan committee.


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Francesco Bachiacca | Portrait of a young lady holding a cat, 1525-30



A Florentine painter and draughtsman, Francesco d'Ubertino Verdi, called Bachiacca [1494-1557] is chiefly recognized as an artist who helped evolve the style of Mannerism🎨.
He is said to have studied with Umbrian painter, Pietro Perugino🎨 (1446-1524) and also collaborated with other artists of the time such as Franciabigio (1482-1525) and Pontormo🎨 (1494-1557).


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Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) | Celestial Love



Sonnet 105
No mortal thing enthralled these longing eyes
When perfect peace in thy fair face I found;
But far within, where all is holy ground,
My soul felt Love, her comrade of the skies:

Sonetto 105
Non vider gli occhi miei cosa mortale
allor che ne’ bei vostri intera pace
trovai, ma dentro, ov’ogni mal dispiace,
chi d’amor l’alma a sé simil m’assale;


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Tintoretto in America


Tintoretto | The Conversion of Saint Paul, 1544 | National Gallery of Art, Washington

The Samuel Kress Collection encompasses more than 3,000 works of European art, and is distinguished for its abundance of Italian Renaissance🎨 paintings.
The Collection was donated to scores of regional and academic art museums throughout the United States between 1929-1961, with the single largest donation reserved for the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. | © Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York


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Allegory of Poetry


Auger Lucas (French Rococo Era painter, 1685-1765) | An Allegory of Poetry

As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Allegory (in the sense of the practice and use of allegorical devices and works) has occurred widely throughout history in all forms of art, largely because it can readily illustrate or convey complex ideas and concepts in ways that are comprehensible or striking to its viewers, readers, or listeners.
Writers or speakers typically use allegories as literary devices or as rhetorical devices that convey (semi-)hidden or complex meanings through symbolic figures, actions, imagery, or events, which together create the moral, spiritual, or political meaning the author wishes to convey.
Many allegories use personifications of abstract concepts.


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Virgin and laughing Child, 1465 | The only sculpture by Leonardo da Vinci



This little masterpiece known as The Virgin with the Laughing Child belongs to London’s Victoria and Albert Museum has been a part of the institution’s collection since 1858, and has attributed by Francesco Caglioti to Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519).