Visualizzazione post con etichetta 17th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 17th Century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Allegory of Poetry

Auger Lucas (French Rococo Era painter, 1685-1765) | An Allegory of Poetry

As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Allegory (in the sense of the practice and use of allegorical devices and works) has occurred widely throughout history in all forms of art, largely because it can readily illustrate or convey complex ideas and concepts in ways that are comprehensible or striking to its viewers, readers, or listeners.
Writers or speakers typically use allegories as literary devices or as rhetorical devices that convey (semi-)hidden or complex meanings through symbolic figures, actions, imagery, or events, which together create the moral, spiritual, or political meaning the author wishes to convey.
Many allegories use personifications of abstract concepts.

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Gerard van Honthorst | Adoration of the Christ Child, 1619-1620

Gerard van Honthorst🎨 | Adoration of the Christ Child, 1619-1620 (detail) | Uffizi Gallery, Florence

Adoration of the Christ Child (Italian: Adorazione del Bambino), is a circa 1619-1621 oil on canvas painting of the Nativity by the Dutch🎨 Golden Age artist Gerard van Honthorst (1590-1656)🎨 in the collection of the Uffizi in Florence.
The Adoration of the Child shows a moonlit scene with Mary laying the Child in swaddling clothes.
Joseph is looking over her shoulder and two angels are leaning over the crib.
The moonlight is reflected off the faces in such a way that suggests the Child as a light source.
The composition is reminiscent of much earlier versions, such as the 1490 Nativity at Night by Geertgen tot Sint Jans.

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Barbara Longhi (Italian Mannerist painter, 1552-1638)

Barbara Longhi was an Italian painter🎨.
She was much admired in her lifetime as a portraitist, although most of her portraits are now lost or unattributed.
Her work, such as her many Madonna and Child paintings, earned her a fine reputation as an artist.
Longhi is one of the few female artists mentioned in the second edition (1568) of Italian painter and art historian Giorgio Vasari's epic work Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects. Vasari writes that Longhi "draws very well, and she has begun to colour some things with good grace and manner".

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Allegory of Music

Francesco Trevisani (Italian Rococo Era painter, 1656-1746) | An allegory of music

The word Music derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses").
In Greek mythology, the nine Muses were the goddesses who inspired literature, science, and the arts and who were the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, song-lyrics, and myths in the Greek culture.

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Guido Cagnacci | The Death of Cleopatra, 1645-55

Artist: Guido Cagnacci (Italian, Santarcangelo di Romagna 1601-1663 Vienna)
Date: ca. 1645-55
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 37 3/8 × 29 1/2 in. (95 × 75 cm)
Current location: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fifth Avenue in Gallery 637

The subject, from Plutarch's Lives (1st century A.D.), is Cleopatra's suicide by an asp bite following the defeat of her beloved Mark Antony at the battle of Actium.
It provided Guido Cagnacci (Italian Baroque Era painter, 1601-1663) with an erotically charged and emotionally engaging action that appealed to the Baroque🎨 imagination, whether in poetry, theater or painting.

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Allegory of painting

Artemisia Gentileschi🎨 (Italian Baroque Era painter, 1593-1652) | Self Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, 1638 (detail) | Royal Collection

First attested in English in 1382, the word allegory comes from Latin allegoria, the latinisation of the Greek ἀλληγορία (allegoría), "veiled language, figurative", which in turn comes from both ἄλλος (allos), "another, different" and ἀγορεύω (agoreuo), "to harangue, to speak in the assembly", which originates from ἀγορά (agora), "assembly".

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Artus Wolffort (1581-1641) | Baroque painter

Artus Wolffort, Artus Wolffaert or Artus Wolffaerts (1581-1641) was a Flemish painter🎨 known mainly for his history paintings depicting religious and mythological scenes.
Wolffort and his work were not well known until the late 1970s and some of his paintings were even classified as early works by Rubens🎨.
His oeuvre was reconstructed from a fully signed work (Esther's Toilet in the Harem of Ahasuerus, original untraced, 10 copies of which one fully signed in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London) and various paintings bearing a monogram.

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Camillo Rusconi (1658-1728) | Baroque Era sculptor

Camillo Ruscóni (14 July 1658 - 8 December 1728) was an Italian sculptor🎨 of the late Baroque🎨 in Rome. His style displays both features of Baroque and Neoclassicism. He has been described as a Carlo Maratta in marble.
Initially trained in his hometown of Milan with Giuseppe Rusnati. By 1685-1686, he had moved to Rome and into the studio of Ercole Ferrata, who died within a year or two of his arrival.

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Hendrick van Steenwyck II ~ Baroque painter of architectural interiors

Hendrick van Steenwijk the Younger's (1580-1649) early style resembled that of his father, an architecture painter.
He likely spent several years in Antwerp, though he apparently was not enrolled in its painters' guild.
Van Steenwijk's architectural interiors of this period are frequently populated with figures by Jan Brueghel the Elder and other Flemish painters🎨 who worked in Antwerp.

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David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) | Baroque / Genre painter

David Teniers was the most famous 17th-century painter of peasant life. He enjoyed international popularity in his own lifetime and during the 18th century, especially in France.
Teniers's success was marked by the acquisition of a country house in 1662 and by the grant in 1680 of a patent of nobility.
His work was imitated by many followers, including his son, David Teniers III.

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Gerrit Dou | A Hermit, 1664 | Rijksmuseum

Title: A Hermit
Artist: Gerrit Dou🎨 (Dutch Baroque Era painter, 1613-1675)
Date: 1664
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Dimensions: h 33.5cm Ń w 27.5cm
Current location: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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Hendrick ter Brugghen (1588-1629) Baroque Era painter

Hendrik Terbrugghen, (born c. 1588, Deventer?, Neth. - buried Nov. 9, 1629, Utrecht), Dutch painter🎨, among the earliest northern followers of the Italian painter Caravaggio🎨.
In the early 1590s Terbrugghen’s family moved to Utrecht, a strong Roman Catholic centre, where he studied with Abraham Bloemaert.
Terbrugghen reportedly spent 10 years in Italy, having arrived in Rome about 1604, and thus could have had direct contact with Caravaggio, who left Rome in 1606.

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Godfried Schalcken (1643-1706) | Genre painter

Godfried Schalcken or Gottfried Schalken was a Dutch🎨 genre and portrait painter.
He was noted for his mastery in reproducing the effect of candlelight, and painted in the exquisite and highly polished manner of the Leiden fijnschilders.
  • Life and work
Godfried Schalcken was born in Made, North Brabant, the son of Cornelis Schalcken and Aletta Lydius.

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Gabriel Metsu (1629-1667) Baroque Era painter

Gabriel Metsu, Metsu also spelled Metzu, (born January 1629, Leiden, Netherlands - buried October 24, 1667, Amsterdam), Dutch painter🎨 of scenes of everyday life who was best known for his use of the window format to frame his subjects.
Metsu was the son of a painter and tapestry designer who died before Metsu was born.
He was raised in Leiden by his mother, a midwife, and later also by a stepfather.
It is not known precisely when Metsu began his artistic training. It is thought that he was a painter’s apprentice, possibly for Claes Pietersz. de Grebber, by about 1644, when Metsu was a teenager.

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Frans Hals (1582-1666) Baroque Era painter

Frans Hals the Elder was a Dutch Golden Age painter, normally of portraits, who lived and worked in Haarlem.
He is notable for his loose painterly brushwork, and he helped introduce this lively style of painting into Dutch art.
Hals played an important role in the evolution of 17th-century group portraiture.

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Adriaen Brouwer (1605-1638) | Genre painter

Adriaen Brouwer (Oudenaarde, c. 1605 - Antwerp, January 1638) was a Flemish painter🎨 active in Flanders and the Dutch Republic in the first half of the 17th century.
Brouwer was an important innovator of genre painting through his vivid depictions of peasants, soldiers and other 'lower class' individuals engaged in drinking, smoking, card or dice playing, fighting, music making etc. in taverns or rural settings.

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Market painting | Page 3

Constantine Paul Lafargue (1729-1782)

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Jean-Baptiste Greuze | Broken Eggs, 1756

Broken Eggs attracted favorable comment when exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1757.
One critic noted that the young serving girl had a noble pose worthy of a history painter.
The canvas was painted in Rome, but the principal source may have been a seventeenth-century Dutch work by Frans van Mieris the Elder (1635-1681) - State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, which Jean-Baptiste Greuze (French painter🎨, 1725-1805) would have known from an engraving.
The broken eggs symbolize the loss of the girl's virginity. | © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Jean Baptiste Greuze | Broken Eggs, 1756 (detail) | Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Rembrandt | Old Woman Cutting Her Nails,1655-60

Once well known as a Rembrandt🎨, this large canvas has also been attributed to the master's pupil, Nicolaes Maes (1643-1693), and to Abraham van Dijck (ca. 1635?-1680?).
The two artists were closely associated in Dordrecht, the southern Dutch city from which several Rembrandt🎨 followers came.
Whatever its authorship, the painting must date from about 1655-60.

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Market painting | Page 2

Hendrik Martensz Sorgh (Dutch Baroque Era painter, ca.1611-1670)